Rear End Incident
The key features to consider are:
In all situations, the following car is responsible for maintaining a safe distance and the driver needs to be aware of the possibility of the leading car slowing for no apparent reason.
Aggressive Rear End incident = 2 Penalty points
The victim made no mistakes and was driving their normal line at normal speed. The aggressor made no allowance for the victim whatsoever. The aggressor was in full control.
Simple Rear End incident = 1 Penalty point
The victim was in full control but braked early. The aggressor had not followed the victim at a safe distance for a lap or two. The aggressor was in full control.
The victim had partially lost control before contact and consequently his line was unusual. aggressor was in full control.
The victim made no mistakes and was driving their normal line at normal speed. The aggressor had lost control on the approach to the braking zone and consequently braked later than intended.
Marginal Rear End incident - Warning
The aggressor followed for a lap or two before the victim had changed his braking point. Both the victim and the aggressor were in full control.
The victim had totally lost control before contact and consequently his line was unpredicable. The aggressor was in full control.
Avoidable Rear End incident - Warning
The victim was trying to lap a slower car and the aggressor didn't allow the victim the opportunity to change his line if necessary. Both the victim and the aggressor were in full control.
The victim slowed unexpectedly and the aggressor was too close to take avoiding action.
The victim was preparing to enter the pit lane but slowed far too early.
The victim slowed down for an incident.
Unavoidable Rear End incident - No Penalty - Racing Incident